ByÂ MONICA DAVEY, The New York Times
The Wisconsin Supreme Court cleared the way on Tuesday for significant cuts to collective bargaining rights for public workers in the state, undoing a lower courtâ€™s decision that Wisconsinâ€™s controversial law had been passed improperly.
The Supreme Courtâ€™sÂ ruling, issued at the close of the business day, spared lawmakers in the Republican-dominated Capitol from having to do what some of them strongly hoped to avoid: calling for a new vote on the polarizing collective bargaining measure, which had drawn tens of thousands of protesters to Madison this year and led Democratic lawmakers to flee the city in an effort to block the bill.
Republican leaders had warned on Monday that if the Supreme Court did not rule by Tuesday, they would feel compelled to attach the same measure to the stateâ€™s budget bill, which is expected to be approved this week.
The decision ended, at least for now, lingering questions about when and whether the cuts would take effect, but it also underscored the stateâ€™s partisan divide, which seems to grow wider by the day. The ruling was 4 to 3, split along what many viewed as the courtâ€™s predictable conservative-liberal line.
The majority of the justices concluded that a lower court was wrong when it found that the Legislature had forced through the cuts in collective bargaining without giving sufficient notice â€” 24 hours â€” under the stateâ€™s open-meetings requirements.
In its written decision, the court cited the importance of the separation of powers, and said the Legislature had not violated the stateâ€™s Constitution when it relied on its â€œinterpretation of its own rules of proceedingâ€ and gave slightly less than two hoursâ€™ notice before meeting and voting. In the end, the provision passed without the attendance of any of the Senateâ€™s 14 Democrats.
Justice David T. Prosser, whose re-election bid was threatened this year because he was seen as a conservative who would cast the deciding vote on the collective bargaining measure if it cameÂ before the court, voted to overturn the lower court ruling. He issued his own opinion concurring with the majority.
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