By Mike Lillis, The Hill
Democrats hoping to bolster the nationâ€™s mine safety rules this year are showing dramatically different degrees of urgency.
While House leaders are racing their mine-safety bill through the lower chamber, the Senate has no plans even to introduce its bill until the fall.
The reason is clear: Senate Democrats need at least some Republicans to pass their bill, but GOP leaders are opposed to moving mine safety reforms quickly. Instead, they want to wait for the results of an investigation into April’s deadly explosion at the Upper Big Branch mine in southern West Virginia â€” results that wonâ€™t likely arrive this year.
The impasse has angered some Democrats in both chambers, who argue that the nation’s miners remain at risk every day Congress doesnâ€™t act.
â€œEven as the investigation of the Upper Big Branch mine continues, we know there are problems we can solve today,â€ Sen. Jay Rockefeller (D-W.Va.) said recently. â€œAnd we have an obligation to do just that.â€
With that in mind, the House Education and Labor Committee will mark up its mine safety bill next Wednesday. Sponsored by Rep. George Miller (D-Calif.), chairman of the panel, the proposal would expand whistleblower protections to miners, empower federal investigators to close unsafe mines more easily and grant regulators subpoena power when investigating mining accidents.
The legislation is a direct response to the UBB disaster, which killed 29 miners and maimed a 30th.
But Republican leaders on the panel, behind Rep. John Kline (Minn.), the ranking member, are opposed to the bill. Not only are they leery of a provision to strengthen worker protections at places other than mines, but theyâ€™re wondering how Democrats hope to legislate solutions to an accident before its cause is identified.
The criticism hasnâ€™t slowed down Miller. Then again, House Democrats donâ€™t have to deal with filibusters. While GOP opposition in the House is an inconvenience, GOP opposition in the Senate is a bill killer.
Acknowledging that dynamic, Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa), who chairs the Senate labor panel, says heâ€™s holding out in hopes of crafting a bipartisan bill. Harkinâ€™s office said Friday that the Iowa Democrat is â€œstill talking to panel Republicans,â€ notably ranking member Mike Enzi (Wyo.).
â€œWe want to give adequate time for those conversations to occur,â€ a Harkin spokesperson said in an email, â€œbut hope to have legislation for the Senate to consider by the fall.â€
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