VERNAL, Utah â€” Bill Stringer leaned into the office of his top deputy here at theÂ Bureau of Land ManagementÂ one recent day to share his latest victory.
â€œWe got upheld!â€ Mr. Stringer said, meaning his bosses in Salt Lake City had gone along with his staffâ€™s recommendation to allowÂ oilÂ drilling nearÂ Desolation Canyon, a national historic site known for its pristine wilderness and white-water rafting. Despite objections from environmentalists, more oil wells would dot the huge stretch of federal land Mr. Stringer oversees.
Mr. Stringer, 55, who sports a goatee, rides a motorcycle and sometimes wears rock bandÂ T-shirts to work, is a little-known manager in an agency many Americans have never heard of, but he is arguably as powerful as many of Utahâ€™s elected officials. As head of the bureauâ€™s outpost in northeast Utah, he and his colleagues make decisions that have affected livelihoods and largely favored oil andÂ natural gasÂ companies eager to join in a national energy boom. The companiesâ€™ lobbying efforts extend beyond Washington to officials across the West, including Mr. Stringer here in Vernal, population 9,000.
The Bureau of Land Management, part of the Interior Department, is the nationâ€™s biggest landlord, controlling 248 million acres, including nearly half the land in Utah. Charged with protecting public lands while exploiting their resources â€” for mining, drilling, timbering, ranching â€” Mr. Stringerâ€™s agency has been at the center of a fierce battle in recent years as companies have sought to lease federal property and get drilling permits.
The Bush administration encouraged the land rush, while Obama administration officials tried to stop what it called reckless drilling deals. After confronting fierce industry resistance and political realities, officials in Washington have eased back.
But in Vernal, a town that sits amid vast underground reserves of oil and gas as well as scenic treasures, critics say the bureau office under Mr. Stringer has taken a consistent stance all along: make way for drilling. â€œOil and gas trumps all else,â€ said Dennis J. Willis, a retired agency employee.
Bureau officials deny any favoritism toward industry, while Mr. Stringer talks of balancing sometimes competing interests. â€œDepending on who you are, where you stand, B.L.M. looks very different to you,â€ he told industry executives last year. â€œWe move maybe from your hero to your villain.â€
In the nine years that Mr. Stringer has been the top bureau official in Vernal, the field office has approved an average of 555 new oil and gas wells a year, nearly three times the number in the previous decade. Agency records show that his office, where employees often shuttle between business and government, rarely issues drilling-related fines for environmental or safety violations and has pushed to ease rules about well sites near sensitive wildlife habitats.